Quercus falcata

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Quercus falcata
  • COMMON NAME: Southern Red-Oak
  • FAMILY: Fagaceae
  • NATIVITY: Illinois to Georgia, found amongst the piedmont region in the mid-south.
  • GROWTH HABIT: 70-80’ (100’); Large tree with a crowned outline.
  • HARDINESS:  USDA 7 to 9  
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Thrives in dry soils and full sun.  Common in dry woods and in the southeast piedmont.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS: Climax
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative Upland
  • LANDSCAPE VALUE:  Great specimen for dry areas and wildlife value in the nuts.  
  • FOLIAGE:   Simple, alternate, rounded base and pointed apices.  Leaves are usually five-lobed but could have 7-9 lobes.
  • BUDS:  Imbricately scaled, acute, reddish brown, and pubescent towards the apex.
  • BARK:  Gray and deeply furrowed in older trees.  Younger stems are somewhat smooth and nearly glabrous.
  • FRUIT:  Acorns are sharply pointed and born both singly and in pairs.  ID is the striation on the nut of the acorn.
  • PESTS:  None serious.
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153