Quercus coccinea

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Quercus coccinea
  • COMMON NAME: Scarlet Oak
  • FAMILY: Fagaceae
  • NATIVITY: Native to the East Coast, commonly found throughout the Appalachian Mountains.
  • GROWTH HABIT: 50-70’ (100’);  Medium size with a narrow crown.
  • HARDINESS:  USDA 5 to 8
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Upland, rocky slopes, well drained soils, sandy barren areas with full sun.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS: Climax
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  [Upland]
  • LANDSCAPE VALUE:  Great for its bright scarlet fall color and nut.
  • FOLIAGE:  Leaves are alternate and emerge in the spring with a red tint.  Commonly found with seven to nine deep oval lobes and pointed apexs.  Lobes are at least halfway to midrib.  In the fall, excellent scarlet color.  However, leaf shape is hard to distinguish from Q. palustris.
  • BUDS:  Buds are brown and terminal bud is slightly pubescent.
  • BARK:   Younger bark is smooth but matures to gray-brown with deep furrows and rough ridges.
  • FRUIT:  Brown nutlet attractive to wildlife such as squirrels.  
  • PESTS:  None serious.
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153