Liriodendron tulipifera

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Liriodendron tulipifera
  • COMMON NAME: Tuliptree
  • FAMILY: Magnoliaceae
  • NATIVITY: Commonly found from Massachusetts to Florida east to Mississippi.
  • GROWTH HABIT: 70-90’ (150’)
  • HARDINESS:  USDA Zone 4 to 9
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Moist rich woods and full sun.  This is a large climax species so it often needs space to grow to full size.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS:  Climax
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative Upland
  • LANDSCAPE VALUE:  Grows well in forests and large areas, often grows around forested parking lots and large residential areas.  Very attractive to squirrels.
  • FOLIAGE:   Very identifiable leaves.  Alternate, simples, truncate apex, with short-acuminate lobes on each side, three lobes.  Looks like a tulip top.  Yellow fall color.
  • BUDS:  Valvate, somewhat like a matchstick.  Covered in bloom.  
  • BARK:  Gray-brown, slightly furrowed, flattened ridges.
  • FRUIT:  Aggregation of samaras that shatter in the fall.  Flowers are in the spring and are greenish yellow with six petals; perfect.
  • PESTS:  Cankers, powdery mildew, leaf spots, and chlorosis are just some of many.
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153