Gledistia triacanthos

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Gleditsia triacanthos
  • COMMON NAME: Common Honeylocust
  • FAMILY: Leguminosae, Fabaceae
  • NATIVITY: Pennsylvania to Texas to Nebraska
  • GROWTH HABIT: 30-70’ (100’); Short trunk and open spreading crown
  • HARDINESS:  USDA Zone 4 to 9
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Sun with moist to dry soils, often grown in landscapes and rural settings.  Often found on stream banks.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS:  Seral
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative
  • LANDSCAPE VALUE:  Used to be valued as a landscape tree but overuse and disease has left this tree unimportant.
  • FOLIAGE:  Alternate and pinnately or bipinnately compound.  Glossy green in the summer.  Bright yellow fall color.
  • BUDS:  No terminal buds but lateral buds are small, some scaly and some naked.
  • BARK:  Orangish in color and often resembles the appearance of melted wax.
  • FRUIT:  Pod - reddish to black in color.  Flowers are dioecious and greenish yellow in the late spring.
  • PESTS:  Very susceptible to diseases.
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153