Zelkova serrataZelkova serrata

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Zelkova serrata
  • PRONUNCIATION: zel-KO-va ser-RA-ta
  • COMMON NAME: Japanese Zelkova
  • FAMILY: Ulmaceae
  • NATIVITY: Japan, Korea
  • GROWTH HABIT: Vase-shaped, with broad, rounded crown and ascending branches; 50'-80' tall. Fast growth rate.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 5-8
  • CULTURE: Moist, well-drained soils in full sun.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Good for landscape and street tree use, tolerant of wind, drought; resistant to most elm pests including Dutch elm disease.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, 1 ¼" - 5" long, ovate to oblong-ovate, acuminate, margins sharply serrate, 8-14 parallel veins. Top of leaf rough and dark-green, fall color brown or red to purple.
  • BUDS: Small elmlike, divergent from the stem.
  • BARK: Gray, smooth, with many lenticels evident on branches; can be scaly looking.
  • FRUIT: Small drupe.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed, cuttings.
  • PESTS: Elm leaf beetle, Japanese beetle.
    • 'Green Vase' - Vase-shaped, upward arching branches. Vigorous.
    • +'Village Green' - Rapid growth, good habit, red fall color. Hardy. Highly resistant to Dutch elm disease and to beetles.
    • Z. sinica - Similar to Z. serrata but with plately exfoliating golden bark at maturity.


University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153