- BOTANICAL NAME: Nyssa sylvatica
- PRONUNCIATION: NIS-a sil-VAT-i-ka
- COMMON NAME: Pepperidge, Sour Gum
- FAMILY: Nyssaceae
- NATIVITY: Southern Ontario to southern Florida, to Midwest.
- GROWTH HABIT: Pyramidal in youth, rounded with age; upper 1/3 of branches ascend, center branches are horizontal, lower
branches hand down; 40'-60' tall. slow to medium growth rate.
- HARDINESS: Zone 3-9
- CULTURE: Moist, acid soils, full sun to partial shade. Tolerates drier soils and poor drainage.
- SUCCESSIONAL STATUS: Climax
- FACULTATIVE STATUS: Facultative
- LANDSCAPE USE: For a beautiful, early fall color, though color varies with the tree. Taproot makes transplanting difficult.
- FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, entire, 2"-5" long obovate or elliptic. Lustrous, dark-green in summer; early fall colors yellow, red, purple.
- BUDS: Smooth yellow-brown to red-brown 1/8"-1/4". Leaf scar with 3 prominent bundle scar traces.
- BARK: Dark-gray.
- FRUIT: Small bluish black drupe ½" long. Birds eat it.
- PROPAGATION: Seed.
- PESTS: None serious.