Nyssa sylvaticaNyssa sylvatica

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Nyssa sylvatica
  • PRONUNCIATION: NIS-a sil-VAT-i-ka
  • COMMON NAME: Pepperidge, Sour Gum
  • FAMILY: Nyssaceae
  • NATIVITY: Southern Ontario to southern Florida, to Midwest.
  • GROWTH HABIT: Pyramidal in youth, rounded with age; upper 1/3 of branches ascend, center branches are horizontal, lower branches hand down; 40'-60' tall. slow to medium growth rate.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 3-9
  • CULTURE: Moist, acid soils, full sun to partial shade. Tolerates drier soils and poor drainage.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS: ¬†Climax
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS: ¬†Facultative
  • LANDSCAPE USE: For a beautiful, early fall color, though color varies with the tree. Taproot makes transplanting difficult.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, entire, 2"-5" long obovate or elliptic. Lustrous, dark-green in summer; early fall colors yellow, red, purple.
  • BUDS: Smooth yellow-brown to red-brown 1/8"-1/4". Leaf scar with 3 prominent bundle scar traces.
  • BARK: Dark-gray.
  • FRUIT: Small bluish black drupe ½" long. Birds eat it.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed.
  • PESTS: None serious.
  • CULTIVARS:

 

 

University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153