Fagus sylvaticaFagus sylvatica

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Fagus sylvatica
  • PRONUNCIATION: FA-gus  sil-VAT-i-ka
  • COMMON NAME: European Beech
  • FAMILY:  Fagaceae
  • NATIVITY: Central to southern Europe
  • GROWTH HABIT: Majestic, dense, upright pyramid to oval or rounded.Low-branched, requiring space to spread; 100' tall x 35'-45' wide.
  • HARDINESS:  Zone 4-7
  • CULTURE:  Similar to F. grandifolia - slightly more tolerant to soil conditions. Sensitive to environmental changes.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Excellent specimen tree with color, texture and growth habit varying with cultivar.  Shallow roots.
  • FOLIAGE:  Similar to F. grandifolia but rounded to obovate, 2"-4" long, with fewer (5-9) veins.
  • BUDS: Similar to F. grandifolia.
  • BARK: Smooth, silver gray on 3- to 4-year-old wood.  Young wood an olive-brown, or purplish color.  This allows one to separate this plant from F. grandifolia.
  • FRUIT: See F. grandifolia.
  • PROPAGATION:  See; cultivars or grafted.
  • PESTS:   See F. grandifolia.
    • 'Asplenifolia'- Leaves finely cut, fern-like.Confused with F.g. 'Lanciniata'.
    • 'Atropunicae' ('Purpurea') - New leaves purple, change to purple-green.
    • 'Cuprea'- Leaves paler than 'Atropunicea'.
    • 'Fastigiata' - Columnar when young, broader at maturity.
    • 'Pendula'- Weeping form. Highly variable at maturity.
    • 'Rohanii' - Wavy margined, purple leaved plant. Exquisite!
    • 'Riversii'- Leaves deep-purple, color holds well in summer.
    • 'Roseo-marginata' - bright rose fading to white margins
    • 'Tricolor' - Leaves variegated white with irregular pink border.
    • 'Rotundifolia'  - Deep-green, rounded leaves.
    • 'Tortuosa'  - Twisted trunk, branches.  Smaller than species.



University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153