Fagus grandifoliaFagus grandifolia

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Fagus grandifolia
  • PRONUNCIATION: FAG-us gran-di-FOL-e-a
  • COMMON NAME: American Beech
  • FAMILY: Fagaceae
  • NATIVITY: Grows throughout, very common tree especially in rich woodlands
  • GROWTH HABIT: 50-70’ (100’)
  • HARDINESS: Zone 4 to 7
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Rich woods, throughout the east coast.  Very common and hardy.  Commonly found throughout White Clay State Park.
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative Upland
  • LANDSCAPE USE: - fall color Beautiful native tree, climax species and often used by many different species of animals.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, serrated.  Silvery green when opening, dark green at maturity, fall color tends to be golden bronzed and often times persists during the winter.
  • BUDS: Long, drawn out, pointed, and scaled.
  • BARK: Extremely smooth, light gray bark.  Easily identifiable characteristic
  • FRUIT: 3-winged nutlet, very beneficial to wildlife
  • PESTS: Bronze birch borer



University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153