- BOTANICAL NAME: Celtis occidentalis
- PRONUNCIATION: SEL-tis ok-si-den-TA-lis
- COMMON NAME: Hackberry
- FAMILY: Ulmaceae
- NATIVITY: Central to southeast U.S. in river valleys and rich, upland slopes.
- GROWTH HABIT: Round-headed to irregular, 40'-60' tall; lower branches
drooping. Moderate growth rate.
- HARDINESS: Zone 2-9
- CULTURE: Full sun in rich, moist soils; adaptable to many soils and adverse conditions. Well-suited to midwestern U.S. growing conditions.
- SUCCESSIONAL STATUS: Seral
- FACULTATIVE STATUS: Facultative Upland
- LANDSCAPE USE: Tolerant of urban growing conditions; easily transplanted.
- FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, 2"-5" long, ovate to oblong, margins
serrate except at base. Oblique (uneven) base.
- BUDS: Chestnut-brown, 1/4" long.
- BARK: Twig is lenticelled and has a chambered pitch. Gray-brown trunk and older branches develop corky ridges which can be warty.
- FRUIT: Drupe 1/4" long with distinctive datelike flavor when carefully chewed. (Avoid the one hard seed.)
- PROPAGATION: Seed.
- PESTS: Nipple gall (aphids), witches broom (mites and fungus).
- `Prairie Pride' - Glossy-green foliage, compact crown. Does not develop whitches broom.
- RELATED SPECIES:
- C. sinensis - Japanese Hackberry promises to be a disease-and insect-free alternative to this sometimes troublesome species. Under evaluation at the Morris Arboretum.