Castanea mollissimaCastanea mollissima

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Castanea mollissima
  • PRONUNCIATION: kas-TA-ne-a mol-LIS-i-ma
  • COMMON NAME: Chinese Chestnut
  • FAMILY: Fagaceae
  • NATIVITY: China, Korea
  • GROWTH HABIT: Round-topped, spreading, sturdy form with low branches; 40'-60' tall. Slow to medium growth rate.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 4-8
  • CULTURE: Full sun, well-drained soils; tolerant of hot, dry conditions. Requires space for wide-spreading natural form.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Transplanting may be hampered by a taproot. Flowers with highly disagreeable, rancid odor. Edible fruit attracts squirrels.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, 5"-8" long, elliptic to lanceolate. Veins end in sharp pointed teeth. Shiny dark-green.
  • BUDS: Rounded, 1/8" with 2-3 scales; tan in color.
  • BARK: Young branches olive-brown in color, mature bark ridged and furrowed gray-brown in color.
  • FRUIT: Nut, 2" across, 2-3 enclosed in a lethal, spiny involucre (hull). Edible fruit develops when multiple varieties are present.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed or cuttings.
  • PESTS: Resistant to (not immune to) Chestnut blight (disease).
    • 'Abundance'
    • 'Kuling' (Selections for nut production)
    • 'Meiling'
    • 'Nanking'



University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153