Carpinus caroliniana

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Carpinus caroliniana
  • .
  • Carpinus betulus
  • COMMON NAME: European Hornbeam
  • FAMILY: Betulaceae
  • NATIVITY: Europe, Asia minor, south east of England.
  • GROWTH HABIT: Pyramidal to rounded in youth, oval-rounded when mature. 40 to 60' high and 30 to 40' wide.
  • HARDINESS: Zone (4)5 - 7.
  • CULTURE: Prefer full sun, will tolerate part shade. It has a wide range tolerance of soil: light to heavy, acid to alkaline, prefer well drained soil.
  • LANDSCAPE USE:Screens hedge grouping.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, 2.5 to 5" long, 1 to 2" wide, ovate to ovate-oblong shape foliage, apex is short pointed, sharply doubly serrate margin, base cordate or rounded. Yellow or yellow-green fall color.
  • BUDS: imbricate angular- conical, brownish to reddish, scale with soft pubescence,  1/4 to 1/3"long,
  • BARK: Smooth, steel gray, fluted.
  • FLOWERS: Monoecious. Male: invisible, the male catkins 1 1/2"long, female catkins about 1.5 to 3" long. April.
  • FRUIT: Net ribbed 1/4" long, mature about September to October.
  • PESTS:



University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153