Betula pendulaBetula pendula

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Betula pendula (B. alba; B. verrucosa)
  • PRONUNCIATION: BET-u-la PEN-du-la
  • COMMON NAME: European White Birch
  • FAMILY: Betulaceae
  • NATIVITY: Europe, Britain
  • GROWTH HABIT: Graceful, pyramidal form in youth, develops to upright oval with pendulous branchlets; 40'-50' (80') tall.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 2-6
  • CULTURE: Requires moist, well-drained, sandy loam soils; does not tolerate drought. Not reliable farther south than southeastern PA. Plants under stress act as magnets for borers.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Grows better in cooler climates and is not recommended for extensive use in southeastern PA on exposed sites. Transplants easily.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, 1"-3" long, broadly ovate or rhomboidal. Margin is doubly serrate.
  • BUDS: Brown-black, pointed, 1/5"-2/5". Male catkins mainly in 2's, 2" long.
  • BARK: Develops white bark early; becomes darker with age.
  • FRUIT: Nutlet.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed, cuttings.
  • PESTS: Birch leaf miner, birch borer.
  • CULTIVARS:
    • 'Dalecarlica' - Branches and leaves pendulous. Leaves deeply lobed and toothed.
    • 'Gracilis' - Small tree with pendulous branches and finely cut leaves.
    • 'Purple Splendor' -Foliage red-purple in spring, turning deep green.
    • 'Tristis' - Slender branches hand almost perpendicular to ground.
    • 'Yountii' - Slender, pendulous branches, no leader. Usually grafted or trained.
  • Location
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153