Betula payriferaBetula papyrifera

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Betula papyrifera
  • PRONUNCIATION: BET-u-la pap-i-RIF-er-a
  • COMMON NAME: Paper or Canoe Birch
  • FAMILY: Betulaceae
  • NATIVITY: Southern Canada, northern U.S.; distributed in moist uplands and colder exposures.
  • GROWTH HABIT: Medium-sized, pyramidal to rounded form; 50'-70' tall with narrow, open crown and drooping side branches; more open and upright than B. pendula. Trunk often divides and forms a multistemmed plant. Medium to fast growth rate.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 2-6
  • CULTURE: Full sun, cool moist sites with well-drained acid soi but adaptable to many soils. Introlerant of drought; does not grow to maturity on open, exposed sites in southereastern PA.
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative Upland
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Attractive, exfoliating bark on multiple trunked tree; easily transplanted. Good yellow fall color.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, simple, 2"-4" long, ovate, sharply pointed, serrate margin. Generally larger and more rounded than B. pendula.
  • BUDS: Pointed, brown-black, 1/5"-2/5" long. Male catkins mainly in 3's and some 2's; 2"-4" long.
  • BARK: White, exfoliating on older trunks. Horizontal lenticels on twigs and branches.
  • FRUIT: Nutlet.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed. cuttings.
  • PESTS: Borer and leaf miner affect stressed plants.
  • Location



University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153