Acer saccharumAcer saccharum

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Acer saccarum
  • PRONUNCIATION: A-ser sak-KAR-rum
  • COMMON NAME: Sugar Maple
  • FAMILY: Aceraceae
  • NATIVITY: Southeastern Canada and eastern U.S.,; native in southeastern PA.
  • GROWTH HABIT: Upright oval to spreading; 60'-75' (120') tall. Slow to medium growth rate.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 3-8
  • CULTURE: Full sun but tolerates light shade. Well-drained, moderately moist soil. Intolerant of compacted soil, drought, and poor drainage.
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative upland
  • LANDSCAPE USE: An excellent specimen. Very dependable, good form, outstanding fall color of yellow-orange to red.
  • FOLIAGE: Opposite, simple, 3"-6" long; 3-5 lobes, lobes are pointed and coarsely toothed, sinuses deep, narrow. Flower is greenish yellow.
  • BUDS: Sharply pointed, nearly black in color, 3/16" - ¼" long.
  • BARK: Brown twig with lenticels.
  • FRUIT: Samara, about 1" long. Wings nearly parallel to each other.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed, cuttings.
  • PESTS: Verticillium, leaf scorch.
    • 'Bon fire - Rapid growth, good red fall foliage.
    • 'Columnar' - Upright columnar form.
    • 'Globosum' - Dense round globe.
    • 'Green Mountain'- Dark-green leathery leaves
    • 'Sweet Shadow' - Dark-green leaves with long, finely cut lobes



University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153