Aesculus hippocastanumAesculus hippocastanum

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Aesculus hippocastanum
  • PRONUNCIATION: ES-ku-lus hip-o-kas-TA-num
  • COMMON NAME: Horse-chestnut
  • FAMILY: Hippocastanaceae
  • NATIVITY: Greece and Albania
  • GROWTH HABIT: Upright, oval; 50'-75' tall x 30' x 40' wide. Medium growth rate.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 3-7
  • CULTURE: Full sun to light shade, in moist, well-drained soil. Planted extensively in coastal conditions and shows no salt injury.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Better on large areas and sometimes not usable on small properties. Transplants easily (may be taprooted). Messy tree.
  • FOLIAGE: Opposite, palmately compound, 4"-10" long, 5-7 obovate leaflets. Flowers white and showy in
    mid-May, quite attractive.
  • BUDS: Prominent, resinous, and sticky. Large, terminal flower bud, very distinct.
  • BARK: Exfoliates in gray plates to show orange-brown inner bark.
  • FRUIT: Dehiscent spiny capsule about 2" in diameter.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed.
  • PESTS: Leaf scorch and leaf blotch, both of which nearly defoliate trees by fall.
  • CULTIVARS:
    • 'Baumannii' - Double white flowers, no fruit.

 

University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153