Carya cordiformis

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Carya cordiformis
  • COMMON NAME: Bitternut Hickory
  • FAMILY: Juglandaceae
  • NATIVITY: Found throughout the Eastern US
  • GROWTH HABIT:  50-75’
  • HARDINESS:  USDA Zone 4 to 9
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Rich woodlands with moist soils or low woods.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS:  Climax
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative Upland
  • LANDSCAPE VALUE:  Grows well in rich woodlands and low woods.
  • FOLIAGE:   Alternate, pinnately compound.  Very narrow foliage, sharply serrated, most commonly seven leaflets per leaf.  
  • BUDS:  Valvate, sulfur-yellow terminal bud.  
  • BARK:  Gray/brown with shallow furrows.
  • FRUIT:  Hard nuts encased in a four-valved husk.
  • PESTS:  None serious.
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153