Tsuga carolinianaTsuga caroliniana

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Tsuga caroliniana
  • PRONUNCIATION: SU-ga care-o-LIN-e-ana
  • COMMON NAME: Carolina Hemlock
  • FAMILY: Pinaceae
  • NATIVITY: Virginia, south to Georgia, in the mountains.
  • GROWTH HABIT: Pyramidal habit with somewhat pendulous branches.
  • SIZE: 25 - 40' in cultivation, to 60' in the wild.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 4 - 7.
  • CULTURE: Native to high elevations and cool climates. May be better adapted to landscape conditions than Canadian Hemlock. Prefers a light shade and moist, well-drained soils.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Evergreen screen, large groupings and occasional specimen use. A smaller plant that is more tolerant than Canadian Hemlock.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, radiating around the stem, 1/4 - 3/4" long. Margin is entire.
  • BUDS: Small, rounded, pubescent.
  • BARK: Red-brown, scaly and deeply fissured.
  • FRUIT: Cone 1 - 1 1/2" long, with scales held at 90o to the central axis.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed, cultivars are grafted or rooted with difficulty.
  • PESTS: Scales, mites, wooly adelgid, but less prone to these than
  • Tsuga canadensis.
    • `Labar's Weeping' - ends of the branches have a distinct weeping habit.




University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153