- BOTANICAL NAME: Tsuga caroliniana
- PRONUNCIATION: SU-ga care-o-LIN-e-ana
- COMMON NAME: Carolina Hemlock
- FAMILY: Pinaceae
- NATIVITY: Virginia, south to Georgia, in the mountains.
- GROWTH HABIT: Pyramidal habit with somewhat pendulous branches.
- SIZE: 25 - 40' in cultivation, to 60' in the wild.
- HARDINESS: Zone 4 - 7.
- CULTURE: Native to high elevations and cool climates. May be better adapted to landscape conditions than Canadian Hemlock. Prefers a light shade and moist, well-drained soils.
- LANDSCAPE USE: Evergreen screen, large groupings and occasional specimen use. A smaller plant that is more tolerant than Canadian Hemlock.
- FOLIAGE: Alternate, radiating around the stem, 1/4 - 3/4" long. Margin is entire.
- BUDS: Small, rounded, pubescent.
- BARK: Red-brown, scaly and deeply fissured.
- FRUIT: Cone 1 - 1 1/2" long, with scales held at 90o to the central axis.
- PROPAGATION: Seed, cultivars are grafted or rooted with difficulty.
- PESTS: Scales, mites, wooly adelgid, but less prone to these than
- `Labar's Weeping' - ends of the branches have a distinct weeping habit.