Pinus heldreichii var. leucodermis

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Pinus heldreichii var. leucodermis
  • (PI-nus  hel-DREK-e-i  lu-ko-DERM-is)
  • COMMON NAME: Heldreich Pine
  • FAMILY: Pinaceae (Pine Family)
  • NATIVITY: Albania, Yugoslavia, Greece, and Italy.
  • GROWTH HABIT: A tree with a conical form and medium dense foliage.
  • SIZE: 60’ to 90’ tall, but the plant is a slow grower, typically reaching 30' in landscape.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 6 to 8.
  • CULTURE: Native to areas with dry limestone soils. Adapts well to landscape culture in full sun and well-drained soils.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: A plant for specimen use. Grows very slowly and may be considered a medium-sized (30’) plant in the landscape.
  • FOLIAGE: Needles are approximately 2½” long and attached in bundles of two. They are quite stiff and often tufted at the ends of the branches. Foliage color is a medium green.
  • BUDS: Buds are ovate-oblong and brown often with whitish tips. Buds are not resinous.
  • BARK: Young shoots are thick, and the texture resembles the roughened skin of a snake due to the closely spaced leaf cushions. Young branches are whitish in color, thus the name leucodermis. Mature bark is gray in color with minor exfoliation resulting in an alligatorlike appearance to the bark, which is quite handsome with age.
  • CONE: Cones 2” to 3” long and ovate. Lower scale often with incurved prickle.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed.
  • PESTS: Diplodia tip blight.
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153