Pinus taedaPinus taeda

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Pinus taeda
  • COMMON NAME: Loblolly Pine
  • FAMILY: Pinaceae
  • NATIVITY: New Jersey south to Florida and West to Oklahoma and Texas. Occurs in piedmont and to a lesser extent in the coastal plain.
  • GROWTH HABIT: Pyramidal in youth, developing a high, thin canopy with age.
  • SIZE: 40 - 50' in cultivation, to 90" in the wild.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 6 - 9.
  • CULTURE: Full sun with moist soils. Will grow in sandy soils but prefers moist even poorly drained soils. Tolerant of hot climates.
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Fast growing pine for southern gardens. Makes an excellent canopy that provides a light shade for understory plantings.
  • FOLIAGE: Needles in fascicles of three (occasionally two); 6 - 10" long. Needles stiff and often twisted.
  • BUDS: 1/4 - 1/2" long, reddish brown. Scales fringed and reflexed at tips.
  • BARK: Scaly and gray with deep fissures.
  • FRUIT: Cone 3 - 6" long, approximately 2" wide. Back of scale armed with pronounced prickle.
  • PESTS: None serious.


University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153