Pinus strobusPinus strobus

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Pinus strobus
  • PRONUNCIATION: PI-nus STROH-bus
  • COMMON NAME: Eastern White Pine
  • FAMILY: Pinaceae
  • NATIVITY: Newfoundland to Georgia
  • GROWTH HABIT:  50-80’ (120’); candle growth; elongation before leaves and needles are present.
  • HARDINESS:  USDA Zone 3 to 7
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Grows best in fertile, deep, moist soils with plenty of sunlight.  Has the ability to survive on rocky ridges and wet bogs.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS: Climax
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative Upland
  • LANDSCAPE USE: in winter. A bird-attracting tree.
  • FOLIAGE:   Leaves arranged in bundles of five needles connected to a fascicle.
  • BUDS:  Ovoid with a sharply pointed apex and resinous.
  • BARK:  Thin, smooth, and dark grayish-brown at maturity.
  • FRUIT:  Cones are subterminal, cylindrical, and often curved.
  • PESTS:  Root rot, dieback, and stem blister rust.
  • CULTIVARS:

    `Variegata'

    `White Mountain' - foliage

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University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153