Pinus nigra

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Pinus nigra
  • PRONUNCIATION: (PI-nus   NI-gruh)
  • COMMON NAME: Austrian Pine
  • FAMILY: Pinaceae (Pine Family)
  • NATIVITY: Europe
  • GROWTH HABIT: Broadly conical when young, aging to attractive,
    flat-topped trees.
  • SIZE: 60’ to 80’ tall in cultivation, this plant will grow up to 120’ tall in ideal situations in its native habitat.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 5 to 7.
  • CULTURE: Full sun and moist, well-drained soils. Grows on poor, rocky soils in parts of its native range. This pine is tolerant of wind, alkaline soils, and urban conditions.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Large specimen tree, or as a grove of trees in large areas such as parks.
  • FOLIAGE: Needles are 3” to 6” in length, arranged in bundles of two. Needles are stiff to the touch. Leaf sheath is about 1/2” long and persistent.
  • BUDS: Ovate to cylindrical, ½” to 1” long, gray-brown or whitish in color and somewhat resinous.
  • BARK: Mature bark is distinctive and attractive. Large, mature trees have fissured bark with broad, flat ridges that are light gray in color, contrasting with the dark brown, nearly black fissures.
  • CONE: Cones typically in groups of 2 to 4 and nearly sessile on the stem.  Cones are 2” to 4” long and yellow-brown to light brown in color, prickle often present.
  • PESTS:  Diplodia blight, which greatly reduces the effect use of this plant in the mid-Atlantic states.
  • CULTIVARS: There are several varieties due to its disjunct range in its native habitat. There is considerable discussion with regard to splitting this species into several new species.


University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153