- BOTANICAL NAME: Pinus nigra
- PRONUNCIATION: (PI-nus NI-gruh)
- COMMON NAME: Austrian Pine
- FAMILY: Pinaceae (Pine Family)
- NATIVITY: Europe
- GROWTH HABIT: Broadly conical when young, aging to attractive,
- SIZE: 60’ to 80’ tall in cultivation, this plant will grow up to 120’ tall in ideal situations in its native habitat.
- HARDINESS: Zone 5 to 7.
- CULTURE: Full sun and moist, well-drained soils. Grows on poor, rocky soils in parts of its native range. This pine is tolerant of wind, alkaline soils, and urban conditions.
- LANDSCAPE USE: Large specimen tree, or as a grove of trees in large areas such as parks.
- FOLIAGE: Needles are 3” to 6” in length, arranged in bundles of two. Needles are stiff to the touch. Leaf sheath is about 1/2” long and persistent.
- BUDS: Ovate to cylindrical, ½” to 1” long, gray-brown or whitish in color and somewhat resinous.
- BARK: Mature bark is distinctive and attractive. Large, mature trees have fissured bark with broad, flat ridges that are light gray in color, contrasting with the dark brown, nearly black fissures.
- CONE: Cones typically in groups of 2 to 4 and nearly sessile on the stem. Cones are 2” to 4” long and yellow-brown to light brown in color, prickle often present.
- PROPAGATION: Seed.
- PESTS: Diplodia blight, which greatly reduces the effect use of this plant in the mid-Atlantic states.
- CULTIVARS: There are several varieties due to its disjunct range in its native habitat. There is considerable discussion with regard to splitting this species into several new species.