Picea glauca

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Picea glauca
  • COMMON NAME: White Spruce
  • FAMILY: Pinaceae
  • NATIVITY: Labrador to Alaska, Montana to New York.  High North.
  • GROWTH HABIT:  40-60’
  • HARDINESS:  USDA Zone 2 to 6
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Cool, alluvial soils, and full sun.  Found near stream banks and rich woods.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS:  Climax
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS:  Facultative Upland
  • LANDSCAPE VALUE:  Often used as little Christmas trees, heavily grown for paper production.
  • FOLIAGE:   Evergreen; pale-blue to green in color.  
  • BUDS:  Chestnut brown in color and scaled, keeled but not resinous.
  • BARK:  Thin, ashy-brown and flaky.
  • FRUIT:  Cones - cylindrical and blunt, pale brown when ripe.
  • PESTS:  Trunk and root rot, otherwise none serious.  
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153