Abies balsamea

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Abies balsamea
  • COMMON NAME: Balsam Fir
  • FAMILY: Pinaceae
  • NATIVITY: Found in the northern range, or mountains in the south.  
  • GROWTH HABIT:  40-75’
  • HARDINESS:  Zone 3 to (5) 6
  • OPTIMUM GROWING CONDITIONS:  Acidic, well-drained, yet moist soils and cooler climates.  Prefers shade.
  • SUCCESSIONAL STATUS:  Climax
  • FACULTATIVE STATUS: Facultative
  • LANDSCAPE VALUE:  Grows well in moist bogs and swamps, also nice evergreen so color year round.
  • FOLIAGE:   Evergreen, needles look suction-cupped to twig.  Leaves are variable and horizontally arranged.
  • BUDS:  Ovoid, resinous, and brown.
  • BARK:  Smooth except for resin blisters; reddish brown in color.
  • FRUIT:  Cones stand erect and shatter at maturity.
  • PESTS:  Spruce budworm, woolly adelgid, and cankers
University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153