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Illicium floridanumIllicium floridanum

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Illicium floridanum
  • PRONUNCIATION: ill-LISS-i-um flor-i-DANE-um
  • COMMON NAME: Florida Anise Tree
  • FAMILY: Illiciaceae
  • NATIVITY: Florida west to Louisiana, in moist woods and seepage areas
  • GROWTH HABIT: Upright rounded shrub.
  • SIZE: (4) 6 - 10' tall and slightly less in spread, about 4 - 6' in the mid Atlantic states
  • HARDINESS: Zone 7 - 9
  • CULTURE: Partial to full shade in moist, almost wet soils.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Good plant for naturalizing. Can be used in groups or in the shrub border.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, entire margin, 2 - 6" long.
    All parts of the plant have a strong odor.
  • BUDS:
  • FLOWERS: Single or multiple flowers in the axils of the leaves, 1 - 2" in diameter.
    Many linear petals maroon in color. Flowers in April to May. The flowers have a
    unique odor that borders on malodorous and is probably over the line.
  • FRUIT: Follicles arranged in a whorl maturing brown.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed, cuttings.
  • PESTS: None serious.
    • `Alba' - white flowered form
    • `Hally's Comet' - flowers more red with petals curled and reflexed
    • * A pink flowered form exists but I have not found a cultivar name for the plant