- BOTANICAL NAME: Ilex cornuta
- PRONUNCIATION: I-leks core-NEW-ta
- COMMON NAME: Chinese Holly
- FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
- NATIVITY: China
- GROWTH HABIT: Medium sized, dense rounded shrub.
- SIZE: 6 - 10' for the species. There is considerable variation in the cultivars.
- HARDINESS: Zone 7 - 9.
- CULTURE: Full sun, in moist, well-drained soils. Is grown
in the south and shows good heat and drought tolerance. A tough, durable plant.
- LANDSCAPE USE: Depending on the cultivar used the plant can serve as a
groundcover, low massing plant, hedge, screen and specimen small tree.
A bird-attracting plant
- FOLIAGE: Alternate, oblong-rectangular, typically spined margin
with 5 to as many as 9 spines (rarely 1 terminal), 1 1/2 - 4" long.
Leaves are very stiff, almost plastic-like and typically a yellow green color.
- BARK: Young stems are consistently a yellow green color. Mature bark is
an attractive silver gray color.
- FLOWERS: Dioecious, creamy white, quite fragrant.
- FRUIT: Drupe, orange-red to red in color, 1/4 - 1/3".
- PROPAGATION: Cuttings.
- PESTS: Scale can be problematic and a variety of minor insect and diseases
can affect the plant. In general quite durable.
- `Burfordii' - 20 - 25' tall, leaves with a single terminal spine.
- `Carissa' - 3 - 4' compact plant with a single terminal spine.
- `Dwarf Burford' - 5 - 8' compact shrub.
- `Rotunda' - 3 - 4' tall, with leaves typical of the species.
- PHOTOS (click to enlarge):