Ilex cornutaIlex cornuta

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Ilex cornuta
  • PRONUNCIATION: I-leks core-NEW-ta
  • COMMON NAME: Chinese Holly
  • FAMILY: Aquifoliaceae
  • NATIVITY: China
  • GROWTH HABIT: Medium sized, dense rounded shrub.
  • SIZE: 6 - 10' for the species. There is considerable variation in the cultivars.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 7 - 9.
  • CULTURE: Full sun, in moist, well-drained soils. Is grown extensively
    in the south and shows good heat and drought tolerance. A tough, durable plant.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Depending on the cultivar used the plant can serve as a
    groundcover, low massing plant, hedge, screen and specimen small tree.
    A bird-attracting plant
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, oblong-rectangular, typically spined margin
    with 5 to as many as 9 spines (rarely 1 terminal), 1 1/2 - 4" long.
    Leaves are very stiff, almost plastic-like and typically a yellow green color.
  • BARK: Young stems are consistently a yellow green color. Mature bark is
    an attractive silver gray color.
  • FLOWERS: Dioecious, creamy white, quite fragrant.
  • FRUIT: Drupe, orange-red to red in color, 1/4 - 1/3".
  • PROPAGATION: Cuttings.
  • PESTS: Scale can be problematic and a variety of minor insect and diseases
    can affect the plant. In general quite durable.
  • CULTIVARS:
    • `Burfordii' - 20 - 25' tall, leaves with a single terminal spine.
    • `Carissa' - 3 - 4' compact plant with a single terminal spine.
    • `Dwarf Burford' - 5 - 8' compact shrub.
    • `Rotunda' - 3 - 4' tall, with leaves typical of the species.
  • PHOTOS (click to enlarge):

 

 

University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153