Camellia sinensisCamellia sinensis

  • BOTANICAL NAME: Camellia sinensis
  • PRONUNCIATION: ca-MEEL-e-a sy-NEN-sis
  • COMMON NAME: Tea
  • FAMILY: Theaceae
  • NATIVITY: China.
  • GROWTH HABIT: Medium sized, rounded shrub.
  • SIZE: 4 - 6' tall.
  • HARDINESS: Zone 7 - 9.
  • CULTURE: Full sun to shade and adaptable to soil type. Does not grow well in excessive water. Is tolerant of heat and drought, much better than most plants in the Theaceae family.
  • LANDSCAPE USE: Good plant for shady spots, group plantings and low border plants.
  • FOLIAGE: Alternate, elliptic, serrate, 2 - 4 1/2 " long. This is the plant from which tea is made.
  • BUDS:
  • BARK:
  • FLOWERS: Solitary or in groups of three in the axils of the leaves. The flowers have 7-8 white petals that form a 1 - 1 1/2" diameter flower. Flowers are present in the autumn (October) but are largely hidden by the foliage. Flowers are fragrant.
  • FRUIT: 3/4" capsule.
  • PROPAGATION: Seed, cuttings.
  • PESTS: None serious.
  • CULTIVARS: Numerous cultivars exist in China for tea production. There are no cultivars for ornamental purposes.

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University of Delaware

University of Delaware Botanic GardensNewark, DE 19716Phone: 302 831-0153