NOTE: This material may be protected by copyright law (Title 17, U.S. Code).
Sparks, D.L., Editor. 1999. Soil physical chemistry, 2nd edition, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL.
Sparks; Donald L. University of Delaware, Newark, Delaware, USA
ISBN/ISSN: 0873718836 No. of Pages: 432
Soil Physical Chemistry, Second Edition takes up where the last edition left off. With comprehensive and contemporary discussions on equilibrium and kinetic aspects of major soil chemical process and reactions this excellent text/reference presents new chapters on precipitation/dissolution, modeling of adsorption reactions at the mineral/water interface, and the chemistry of humic substances. An emphasis is placed on understanding soil chemical reactions from a microscopic point of view and rigorous theoretical developments such as the use of modern in situ surface chemical probes such as x-ray adsorption fine structure (XAFS), Fournier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopies, and scanning probe microscopies (SPM) are discussed.
"In this very complete book of soil physical chemistry employing concepts of chemical physics to soil technology, the chemical reactions of this chemistry are explained in detail, utilizing kinetics, electrochemistry, thermodynamics, and precipitation reactions."
Since the publication of the first edition of Soil Physical Chemistry in 1986, there have been many new and exciting developments in the field of soil chemistry. The emphasis on understanding the rates and mechanisms of soil chemical reactions and processes has greatly intensified. This is in large part due to theimportance of accurately predicting the fate, mobility, speciation, and bioavailability of plant nutrients, metals, metalloids, organic chemicals, and radionuclides in soil and water environments. Significant advances in surface complexation modeling, kinetic measurements, and the use of in situ spectroscopic and microscopic surface techniques have occurred in the last decade. These innovations have enabled soil chemists to precisely determine the mechanisms of important soil chemical reactions at the molecular scale.
The second edition of Soil Physical Chemistry includes discussions on advances in modeling surface complexation reactions at the mineral/water interface (Chapter 2), kinetics of soil chemical reactions (Chapters 4 and 5), and the use of in situ spectroscopic and microscopic techniques to elucidate reactions mechanisms and to ascertain the structure and chemistry of soil organic matter (Chapters 4 and 6). Updated chapters on the electrochemistry of the double-layer (Chapter 1), thermodynamics of the soil solution (Chapter 3), kinetics of soil chemical processes (Chapter 4) and soil redox behavior (Chapter 7) are contained in the second edition. New chapters on chemical modeling of ion adsorption in soils (Chapter 2), precipitation/dissolution reactions in soils (Chapter 5), and the chemistry of soil organic matter (Chapter 6) are also found. The book should be of interest to students and professionals in soil chemistry, environmental chemistry, geochemistry, environmental and chemical engineering, and material and marine sciences.
I greatly appreciate the first-rate chapters by the authors. I am also indebted to the referees of each chapter for their careful and thoughtful assessments, and to my secretary, Muriel Toomey, and research associate, Jerry Hendricks, for their fine assistance in preparing the manuscript. Special thanks are extended to my graduate students and postdoctoral associates for their ideas and comments on the book's content. I am also most grateful to my wife Joy for her wonderful support. and encouragement.
Donald L. Sparks