UD Agricultural Experiment Station

The U.S. Department of Agriculture established agricultural experiment stations in connection with state land-grant universities to provide farmers with practical, science-based information.

In 1907 the University of Delaware procured a 212-acre farm in Newark for the Delaware Agricultural Experiment Station. Research flourished on this land, where College scientists supplied useful information to farmers for improving agricultural methods in row crops, insect and disease problems in orchard crops, and animal husbandry.

A few of the early projects included better ways to grow sugar beets and how the use of red clover would result in soil improvement. College researchers often experimented with different fungicides to control agricultural diseases such as peach brown rot or potato late blight. Today, the primary research is in insect-resistant corn varieties, insect behavior studies, and high-tech management of dairy cows.

By 1940 a need for a southern Delaware location to assist in carry­ing out research projects was realized in the establishment of an Agricul­tural Experiment Substation near Georgetown, Sussex County southern Delaware, an extension of the UD experimental farm in Newark. Today, research includes vegetable crop research, specifically on lima beans and watermelon; weed management studies; agronomic crop trials for soybeans, corn and sorghum; nutrient management studies.