Genus Mistharnophantia Kirkaldy, 1907
Subfamily Flatinae Spinola, 1839
Tribe Selizini Melichar, 1923: 86
Genus Mistharnophantia Kirkaldy, 1907: 65.
Type species (in original combination): Cyarda difformis Walker 1858: 121.
= Rhynchopteryx Van Duzee, 1914: 43 (type species Rhynchopteryx caudata Van Duzee, 1914); syn by. Doering & Shepard 1947: 111.
Distribution: Southwestern US and (northern) Mexico.
There are 7 species currently assigned to this genus:
Mistharnophantia acuta Doering & Shepard 1947: 114 - USA: NM, NV?, TX, UT; Mexico (Baja California, Sinaloa)
Mistharnophantia ajoensia Doering & Shepherd, 1947: 116 - USA: AZ
Mistharnophantia angusta Doering & Shepherd, 1947: 117 - USA: NM, TX
Mistharnophantia curta Doering & Shepard 1947: 119 - Mexico (Sonora - Kino Bay)
Mistharnophantia extensa Doering & Shepherd, 1947: 112 - USA: AZ, NM, TX; Mexico (Sonora, as Kino Bay)
Mistharnophantia sima Doering & Shepherd, 1947: 122 USA: AZ, CA, TX, UT; Mexico (Nuevo León)
Mistharnophantia sonorana Kirkaldy, 1907: 66 - USA: AZ, CA, FL, NM, TX; Mexico (Baja California, Baja California Sur, Sonora, Ángel de la Guarda Island, Cerralvo [Jacques Costeau] Island, San Jose Island, San Francisco Island, San Esteban Island, Monserrate Island, Carmen Island, San Marcos Island, Tiburón Island)
= Rhynchopteryx caudata Van Duzee, 1914); syn by. Doering & Shepard 1947: 111
List compiled primarily from FLOW (Bourgoin 2013), also Metcalf (1957) and an unpublished list by Lois O'Brien.
Known host plants:
Mistharnophantia sonorana (as M. caudata) - Helianthus L. (Sunflower, Asteraceae)
Easily recognized among North American by its distinctive shape. Wings abruptly narrowed distally into acuminate 'tail'.
Metcalf (1938: 400) has a key to American Selizini.
Moderately common in the southwest.
Key to species in Doering & Shepherd (1947). I have had difficulties determining species, but this may be inexperience.
Mistharnophantia cf. sonorana (photo by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware, Department of Entomology)
Mistharnophantia sp. (Arizona) (photo by Kimberley Shropshire, University of Delaware, Department of Entomology
Mistharnophantia sp (Mexico, Sonora)
Websites: Mistharnophantia at FLOW. Mistharnophantia is present at Discover Life here, and at Encyclopedia of Life here. Mistharnophantia is present here on Bugguide. (I will not vouch for species identifications).
Mistharnophantia, like many flatids can be taken by inspection, sweeping/beating.
Bartlett, C. R., L. B. O’Brien, and S. W. Wilson. In press. A review of the planthoppers (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea) of the United States. Memoirs of the American Entomological Society 50: ca. 1-300.
Bourgoin Th. 2013. FLOW (Fulgoromorpha Lists on The Web): a world knowledge base dedicated to Fulgoromorpha. Version 8, updated 18.ii.2013. http://hemiptera-databases.org/flow/
Doering, K. C. and C. J. Shepherd. 1946. Some new species of the genus Mistharnophantia (Subfamily Flatinae, Family Fulgoridae, Homoptera). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society 19: 111-127.
Fowler, W. W. 1900. Order Rhynchota. Suborder Hemiptera-Homoptera. (Continued). In: Biologia Centrali-Americana. Porter, London. 1: 44-76.
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1907i. Leaf-hoppers. Hemiptera Homoptera. Report of work of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters' Association. Division of Entomology bulletin 4:60-66.
Melichar, L. 1923a. Homoptera, fam. Acanaloniidae, Flatidae et Ricaniidae. Genera Insectorum. Bruxelles 182: 1-185.
Metcalf, Z. P. 1938a. The Fulgorina of Barro Colorado and other parts of Panama. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard College 82: 277-423.
Metcalf, Z. P. 1957. General Catalogue of the Homoptera. Fascicle IV, Fulgoroidea, Part 13, Flatidae and Hypochthonellidae. North Carolina State College, Raleigh, North Carolina. Pp. 1-565.
Van Duzee, E. P. 1914a. A preliminary list of the Hemiptera of San Diego Country, California. Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 2:1-57.
Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno, and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.
Woods, W. 1992. Phytophagous insects collected from Parkinsonia aculeata [Leguminosae: Caesalpiniaceae] in the Sonoran desert region of the southwestern United States and Mexico. BioControl 37(3): 465-474.