Genus Misodema Melichar, 1907
Subfamily Tambiniinae Kirkaldy, 1907
Gaetuliini Fennah, 1978 (sensu Gnezdilov 2007)
(Note: Historically part of Issidae [e.g., Fennah 1954]; subsequently transferred to Nogodinidae [Fennah 1984], then to Tropiduchidae [Gnezdilov 2007]).
Genus Misodema Melichar, 1907.
Type species (in original combination): Misodema reticulata Melichar, 1906 as Rileya reticulata Melichar, 1906.
= Rileya Melichar, 1906 (nec Huene 1902) (preoccupied)
= Mesodema Melichar, 1907; missp. by Caldwell 1945: 97.
Distribution: Western USA (California and Texas).
There are 2 species recognized in the genus:
Misodema reticulata Melichar, 1906 USA: AZ, TX; Mexico?
Misodema dubia Caldwell, 1945 - Mexico (Coahuila)
Known host plants:
Misodema can be recognized among the Gaetuliini by the forewings not strap-like, covering the abdomen; forewing opaque, elongate, costal margin nearly straight; vertex obtusely produced for distance nearly equal to width of eye; hind tibiae with 4 lateral spines.
This genus is most easily mistaken for Issidae.
Misodema is collected by inspecting likely host plants or sweeping.
Caldwell, J. S. 1945. Notes on Issidae from Mexico (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 38: 89-120.
Doering. K. C. 1938. A contribution to the taxonomy of the subfamily Issinae in America north of Mexico (Fulgoroidea: Homoptera. Part II. University of Kansas Science Bulletin 25(20): 447-575.
Fennah, R. G. 1954. The Higher classification of the family Issidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea) with descriptions of new species. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 105(19): 455-474.
Fennah, R. G. 1984. Revisionary notes on the classification of the Nogodinidae (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea), with descriptions of a new genus and a new species. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 120: 81-86.
Gnezdilov, V. M. 2007. On the systematic positions of the Bladinini Kirkaldy, Tonginae Kirkaldy, and Trienopinae Fennah (Homoptera, Fulgoroidea). Zoosystematica Rossica 15: 293-297.
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1907. Leafhoppers supplement (Hemiptera). Bulletin of the Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association, Entomological Series 3:1-186, plus 20 plates.
Kirkaldy, G. W. 1908. A brief note on three (two new) California Fulgoroid Hemiptera. Proceedings of the Hawaiian Entomological Society 2: 22-23.
Melichar, L. 1906. Monographie der Issiden. (Homoptera). Abhandlungen der K. K. Zoologisch-botanischen Gesellschaft in Wien 3: 1-327.
Metcalf, Z. P. 1958. General catalogue of the Homoptera. Fasc. IV. Fulgoroidea, Part 15. Issidae. North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC. 561 pp.
O'Brien, L. B. 1986. Five new species of Fulgoroidea (Homoptera) from the western United States and Mexico. Southwestern Entomologist 11(2): 67-74.
O’Brien, L. B. 1988. Taxonomic changes in North American Issidae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Annals of the Entomological Society of America 81: 865-869.
Uhler, P. R. 1889. New genera and species of American Homoptera. Transactions of the Maryland Academy of Sciences 1: 33-44.
Van Duzee, E. P. 1938. Genus Dictydea Uhler (Homoptera, Issidae). Pan-Pacific Entomologist 14: 33-35.
Wilson, S. W., C. Mitter, R. F. Denno, and M. R. Wilson. 1994. Evolutionary patterns of host plant use by delphacid planthoppers and their relatives. In: R. F. Denno and T. J. Perfect, (eds.). Planthoppers: Their Ecology and Management. Chapman and Hall, New York. Pp. 7-45 & Appendix.