Genus Euides Fieber, 1866
Type species (in original combination): Euidella basilinea Germar, 1821.
The genus Euidella Puton, 1886 was subsumed under Euides by Metcalf (1952).
Distribution: Widespread as currently defined; mostly Holarctic and Neotropics.
Recognized species (distribution information may be incomplete)
A total of 21 species are currently placed in the genus as follows:
1 Euides afasciata (Caldwell, 1951) - Puerto Rico, St. Lucia
2 Euides altamazonica (Muir, 1926) - Ecuador
3 Euides belemensis (Muir, 1926) - Brazil
4 Euides blairmontensis (Muir, 1926) - Guiana
5 Euides brazilensis (Muir, 1926) - Brazil, Ecuador, St. Lucia
6 Euides elegans (Muir, 1926) - Ecuador
7 Euides equadorensis (Muir, 1926) - Ecuador
8 Euides fasciatella (Osborn, 1935) - Puerto Rico, Panama
= Delphacodes cornuta Beamer 1948 (see Kennedy et al. 2012)
9 Euides fucata (Berg, 1883: 236) - Argentina
10 Euides fuscovittata (Scott, 1881: 155) - Argentina, Paraguay
11 Euides grossa (Van Duzee, 1933) - Costa Rica
12 Euides guaduae (Muir, 1926) - Ecuador
Euides magnistyla (Crawford, 1914) - See Pareuidella
13 Euides megalostylus (Muir, 1919): Guiana
1 Euides alpina (Wagner, 1948) - Austria, Poland, Russia, Kazakhstan, Kirghizia, Gagestan
2 Euides basilinea (Germar, 1821) - Turkey, Russia, Ukraine
3 Euides bilineata (Matsumura, 1935) - Japan (Hokkaido)
4 Euides caspiana (Dlabola, 1961) - Russia
5 Euides horvathi (Lallemand, 1925) - Central Africa
6 Euides kashmirensis (Muir, 1922) - India
7 Euides semifuscipennis (Muir, 1926) - South Africa
8 Euides speciosa (Boheman, 1830) - Widespread Europe, Russia, Turkey, Azerbaijan, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Russia, Ukraine; China
Bartlett and Deitz (2000) moved several species formerly in Pissonotus to Euides.
This genus is in need of revision. It is not clear whether all of these species belong in Euides. In the analysis of Urban et al, (2010), it was equivocal whether Euides was monophyletic.
Euides speciosa, E alpina: Common reed (Phragmites).
Euides elegans, E. guaduae: Guadua (Poaceae: Bambuseae) (a bamboo).
Euides speciosa: Arundo donax (Giant Cane).
Economic Importance: Probably limited.
Old and New World species are doubtfully congeneric. Old World taxa have unbranched parameres and tend to have asymmetrical processes on segment 10, whereas New World taxa have branched parameres and processes on segment 10 are symmetrical or absent. Old world taxa tend to have the median carinae of the frons forked below the fastigium (see photos below), but it is branched much closer to the fastigium in New World species. The armature of the diaphragm is quite different between Old and New World forms.
Recently, most Nearctic species have been transferred to the genus Pareuidella (see Kennedy et al. 2012). Pareuidella has a large, bifid, avicephaliform armature of the diaphragm and branched parameres. Tropical species need to be evaluated with respect to their generic placement.
Can be mistaken for Nilaparvata, but lack the teeth on the basitarsus. Most New World species have complex, multiply branched parameres (Euides fasciatella is an exception, but this species is probably misplaced to genus).
Adults are frequent at lights. Brachypters uncommon for most species, but are sometimes found in series sweeping.
Euides fasciatella (All photos by Kimberley Shropshire University of Delaware)
At this time, neither Genbank or Bold have any molecular resources for this genus; however, Urban et al. (2010) sequence 4 genetic loci (18S rDNA, 28S rDNA, wingless, and cytochrome oxidase I) for Euides afasciata, Euides fasciatella, Euides magnistyla, Euides speciosa, and Euides weedi.
Bartlett, C.R. and L. L. Deitz. 2000. Revision of the New World delphacid planthopper genus Pissonotus (Hemiptera: Fulgoroidea). Thomas Say Publications in Entomology: Monographs. 234 pp.
Berg, C. 1883b. Addenda et emendanda ad Hemiptera Argentina (Continuatio). Anales de la Sociedad Científica Argentina 16: 231-241.
Caldwell, J.S. and L.F. Martorell. 1951 [dated1950]. Review of the Auchenorynchous [sic] Homoptera of Puerto Rico. Part II. The Fulgoroidea except Kinnaridae. Journal of Agriculture of the University of Puerto Rico 34(2): 133-269
Hansen, L. O. 2000. Euides speciosa (Boheman, 1845) (Homoptera, Delphacidae) in Norway. Norwegian Journal of Entomology 47(2): 148.
Kennedy, A. C., C. R. Bartlett, and S. W. Wilson. 2012. An annotated checklist of the delphacid planthoppers (Hemiptera: Delphacidae) of Florida with the description of three new species and the new genus, Meristopsis. Florida Entomologist 95(2): 395-421.
Mariani, R. and A.M.M. de Remes-Lenicov, A.M.M. 2001. The genus Euides in Argentina (Hemiptera: Fulgoromorpha: Delphacidae). Revista de la Sociedad Entomologica Argentina 60 (1-4): 89-92.
Metcalf, Z. P. 1952. New names in the Homoptera. Journal of the Washington Academy of Sciences 42(7): 226-231.
Muir, F.A.G. 1926b. Contributions to our knowledge of South American Fulgoroidea (Homoptera). Part I. The Family Delphacidae. Experiment Station of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters’ Association, Entomological Series, Bulletin 18:1-51, plates 1-5.
Muir, F.A.G. and Giffard, W. M. 1924a. Studies in North American Delphacidae. Bulletin of the Hawaiian Sugar Planters Association Division of Entomology 15: 1-53.