Technical Assistance, Training and Capacity Building in Response to Avian Influenza in Romania
Covering the period from August 16, 2006 to August 31,2007
DATE: November 28, 2007
On August 15, 2006 the Delmarva International Poultry Partnership (DIPP) began work on its cooperative agreement with USDA to provide technical assistance to the Romanian government (National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority (ANSVSA)), universities (Faculties of Veterinary Medicine in Bucharest and Cluj) and poultry companies to improve their capacity to plan and respond to avian influenza outbreaks.
The project was predicated on the importance of all sectors – government, industry and academia – effectively cooperating to combat a disease outbreak – what we call the “Delaware Model” of animal disease management. DIPP’s goals for the Romania project included:
Goal 1: Improve AI Policy, Preparedness, Response and Recovery Capabilities; & Improve Communication among Romanian government, industry and academic personnel involved in responding to AI.
Goal 2: Enhance Biosecurity in Commercial Poultry Sector with particular focus on Depopulation, Disposal and Disinfectant of Commercial Farms in order to get them quickly back into production.
Goal 3: Assist the University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine in Bucharest to plan the development and implementation of an animal diagnosis and testing laboratory technology training center.
Goal 4: Build Sustainable Delaware – Romania Partnerships.
DIPP’s project supported USAID and USDA’s efforts to “provide technical assistance and training to improve both the Government of Romania’s rapid response capabilities in the case of a large outbreak, and to improve poultry industry compliance with international bio-security and food safety measures.” (From USDA PASA 186-P-0:0-02-00106-00 Agribusiness Development and Policy Support Program (ADAPS)) In particular, DIPP’s project related to USDA/USAID’s specific country goals to mobilize US expertise to provide 1) Country level training programs for veterinarians, food safety officials, and laboratory technicians; and 2) Technical Assistance to help poultry industry compliance with bio-security and food safety measures.
In March, 2007 USDA and DIPP amended the cooperative agreement based on feedback from our Romanian partners during the first half of the project. In particular, we: 1) added a project management training component for ANSVSA to Goal 1; 2) increased Goal 2’s in-country training locations for the June 2007 biosecurity training program from 2 to 4; 3) added funding to train USDA Veterinary Consultant, Dr. Nemes Vintila in Delaware for one week (Goal 2); 4) shifted our technical assistance efforts in Goal 3 from the ANSVSA national laboratory, which did not need it, to the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bucharest; and 5) decreased the number of larger (at least 10 participants) technical training tours to Delaware by one, from 3 to 2, downsizing the planned technical training tour for Goal 3 from 15 to 3 participants. It was also agreed, that DIPP would discontinue the use of videoconferences to share information given the technical and logistic difficulties we encountered. Table 1 below lists the deliverables by goal for the project, both for the original agreement and the March 2007 amendment.
As Table 1 indicates, in just one year, DIPP produced almost all of its originally planned deliverables and the additional deliverables of the March, 2007 amendment. Financially, DIPP completed the project on-time and under budget by approximately $85,000. DIPP was able to accomplish this considerable amount of work due to a team effort made by DIPP, USDA and USAID personnel.
A measure of the impact of the DIPP project is through feedback we received from our Romanian partners. In July, 2007, we sent a post program, web-based survey to 38 key Romanian partners in all 3 sectors; government, industry and academia. The number of completed surveys was insufficient to be statistically valid, however the responses we did receive indicate that our Romanian partners:
Found both the technical training tours to Delaware and DIPP training programs in Romania very useful in demonstrating alternative administrative and technological means to prepare for and manage an AI outbreak.
Determined that the 3 characteristics of Delmarva’s AI management practices most applicable to Romania were: the Delaware Model of Government, Industry and University Collaboration; Rapid Response to Disease Outbreaks; and Laboratory Management and Training Methods.
Influenced their attitudes about the benefits of working collaboratively within their organization and with other sectors to better manage an AI outbreak.
Developed useful project management skills, laboratory management skills, and AI outbreak response skills.
Initiated or improved avian influenza surveillance and response projects, including active and passive surveillance of both wild birds and domestic poultry.
In the case of the 2 Romanian scholars who spent three months in Delaware at UD and DTCC, learned how American colleagues in both a university and community college setting actively contribute to successful pre-outbreak training and planning, and post-outbreak rapid response and disinfection.
Thought DIPP’s strengths were our teamwork, our practical and technical instruction methods, and our interactive courses with various categories of specialists involved in the avian influenza prevention and control.
Thought DIPP’s weaknesses were adapting to the EU legal environment, and training presentations with too few concrete situations (e.g. case studies.)
Would like to learn more about incident command structure, advanced laboratory diagnostic capabilities, and AI response training's with field exercises incorporated into them.
Wanted further cooperation with DIPP in the following areas: developing lab sample database management software and applying the AI outbreak response techniques to other animal diseases.
DIPP met our project goals by providing timely and useful technical assistance to our Romanian partners in government, academia and the private sector. Even though there is a long history of mistrust among these sectors in Romania, facilitation by a neutral party increases collaboration and progress toward a single goal. The assistance we provided the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Bucharest was particularly beneficial because it allowed both junior and senior scholars in the Faculty to see first hand how a university can conduct meaningful research about AI virology, train poultry producers about biosecurity and best production practices and help the government and industry in an outbreak response.
Therefore, we recommend continued support of these types of programs once USAID funding ceases, including student and faculty exchanges as well as technical assistance to industry and government – a useful way to have both a near-term and long-term impact. We encourage USDA and USAID to consider this type of technical assistance program in other countries individually or via a regional program (Romania, Bulgaria, Moldova, and Serbia, for example) that want to improve their ability to response to avian influenza and other poultry disease outbreaks.
The following report has four sections, one for each DIPP project goal. Each section provides:
A brief assessment of the impact of our technical assistance program, and;
A description of the DIPP activities and deliverables completed between August 15, 2006 and August 31, 2007.
Table 1: DIPP Activities and Deliverables in Romania by Goal,
August 1, 2006 – August 31, 2007
#1 - Improve AI Policy, Preparedness, Response and Recovery capabilities; & Improve Communication among Romanian government, industry and academic personnel involved in responding to AI.
1. Videoconference on Delaware Model on AI Management.
2. Technical Training Tour to Delaware on AI Policy. Planning & Response for 15 Romanians.
3. 2-person DIPP Technical Assistance (TA) team to Romania to provide senior level AI policy, planning & response assistance. Lay outline of continued Delmarva - Romania cooperation.
4. Developed CD-based Professional Education Module, Avian Influenza: Policy and Planning by Dr. Jack Gelb, Jr.
5. Project Management Training'sfor ANSVA at locations throughout Romania.
1. Oct. 3, 2006
2. Oct. 28 - Nov. 17
3. Jan. 20 - 25, 2007
4. March to August
5. January to June
1. Delaware Secretary of Agriculture, Michael Scuse and Dr. Jack Gelb, Jr., UD, shared lessons learned with Romanian AI policy makers from ANSVA and Ministry of Agriculture.
2. Showcased Delmarva AI Planning and Response to 14 officials; Improved Communication among government, academic and company participants; Refined DIPP TA project based on input.
3. 1 Professional Education Module developed on AI Policy in English and Romanian, available at http://ag.udel.edu/abc/edresources.html
4. Dr. Jack Gelb, Jr., and George Irvine, UD, provided technical assistance and recommendations to ANSVA on cooperation with UCPR and universities.
5. Dr. Charles Poplos and Carla Stone, DTCC, provided 5 Project Management courses to ANSVA personnel from January to June, 2007. Took ANSCA delegation to International Project Management Global Congress in Budapest, May 14-16. Created Project management CD and training materials for ANSVA in-house training purposes.
#2 - Enhance Biosecurity in Commercial Poultry Sector with particular focus on Depopulation, Disposal and Disinfectant of Commercial Farms in order to get them quickly back into production.
1. Videoconference on Flock Depopulation and Composting Techniques Held
2. Technical Training Tour to Delaware on Commercial Biosecurity & Depopulation for 10 Company and Government and University Practitioners
3. DIPP TA Team to Romania for commercial biosecurity & AI response assessment.
4. Develop CD-based Professional Education Modules on biosecurity, composting & depopulation (3 total)
1. Dec. 5, 2006
2. March 24 to April 1, 2007
3. June 3 to 16
4. March to August
1. Bud Malone, UD, presented overview of rapid response to AI outbreaks and in-house composting techniques.
2. Trained 10 practitioners on Essentials of Delmarva AI response, including 1) biosecurity assessment, 2) depopulation options, 3) poultry house litter management techniques 4) in-house composting of poultry mortalities. Romanians requested further training on composting and depopulation in Romania.
3. Bob Alphin, Dr. Eric Benson, and George Irvine, UD, provided UCPR, ANSVSA and veterinary faculties in Cluj, Brasov and Bucharest with technical assistance and training on depopulating flocks with foam and in-house composting of poultry mortalities. As a result, UCPR, ANSCA and Faculties agreed to conduct test of in-house composting in Romania.
4. Bud Malone, UD, developed 3 On-line Professional Education Chapters in English and Romanian on AI outbreak response. Available at http://ag.udel.edu/abc/edresources.html
5. UD developed two new professional certificate training curricula Emergency Poultry Disease Response & Advanced Poultry Disease Diagnostics.
#3 - Original Goal: Strengthen AI Lab Management, including Diagnostic Testing Capacity, Use of ICT and Chain of Sample Custody.
Revised Goal: Assist the University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine (UASVM) to develop an animal diagnosis and testing training laboratory and curriculum to serve the needs of personnel employed in laboratories operated by the Romanian government, higher education, and the commercial food and animal production industries.
1. Survey ANSVSA lab managers about management practices in cooperation with IDAH & ANSVA.
2. Provide Project Planning & Equipment Needs Assistance to UASVM Faculty for the development of poultry/animal diagnosis and testing laboratory.
3.Technical Training Tour to Delaware on Lab Management & Technical Capacity Building for 3 UASVM Scientists.
4.DIPP Lab Development Expert to Romania.
5. Purchase RT-PCR for UASVM diagnostic lab at the request of USDA.
6. Dev elope CD-based Training Modules on training laboratory technology operations and curriculum topics.
7. Open Laboratory Technician Training Program and Laboratory at UASVM
1. September & October 2006
2.Jan. 27-Feb. 10, 2007
3. March 3-13, 2007
6. May to August 2007
7. August 20, 2007
1. Survey developed & conducted to better understand lab management practices and procedures in national and regional government labs in order to guide technical assistance.
2. Project Management & Business Plan for a new Animal Diagnostic Training Laboratory at UASVM developed by Dr. Stelian Baraitareanu, Dr. Doina Danes and Carla Stone.
3. Identify resources necessary to implement plan, including equipment, physical, human and financial; Develop Curriculum objectives and learn outcome assessment tools; Identify potential markets for courses.
4. Ms. Sherry Shupe, DTCC Lab Management curriculum expert, provided technical assistance to UASVM on the establishment of the training laboratory.
5. UD purchased a RT-PCR for training lab in August to complement equipment purchased for lab by USDA.
6. CD Professional Education Modules produced on 4 topics.
7. New veterinary technician training program and laboratory opened at UASVM as a result of DIPP technical assistance.
#4 - Build Sustainable Delaware - Romania Partnership
1. Host 2 Research Fellows from UASVM at UD College of Agriculture and DTCC. Focus on AI research, extension and teaching.
2. Explore other partnership opportunities.
1. January - June 2007
2. On-going (as of 10/07)
1. Hosted Dr. Stelian Baraitareanu and Dr. Elena Staicu at UD and DTCC. A General Agreement between UD and UASVM was assigned in June and a similar agreement was signed by DRCC and UASVM to allow for joint research and educational exchange.
2. Dr. Benson, Mr. Alphin, Mr. Malone (UD), and Dr. Staicu (FVMB) have a publication on their joint composting research under peer review in Poultry Science.
3. DTCC and UASVM and the Romanian Water Association are in the process of developing a new water/wastewater training program for delivery in Romania (as of 11/07).
4. DTCC and the Ministry of Agriculture and Romanian Equine Authority developed and implemented a technical advisory trip to Romania led by Delaware Secretary of Agriculture Michael Scuse and Delaware equine experts September 4-12, 2007. A delegation of Romanian officials from the Romanian Equine Authority, the Ministry of Agriculture and the National Forest Administration came to Delaware for a technical training tour from October 19-27.
5. Sponsored Romanian musicians' tour in Delaware. 2 Romanian pianists presented concert at DTCC on October 25, 2007. The musicians also gave a well attended concert in Wilmington for People to People at the first Unitarian Church, which has a sister church in Romania, and spent a day at Cab Calloway School of the Arts in Wilmington.
1. Gather baseline date from lab survey analysis & partner's input.
2. Measure progress towards goals in country.
3. Assess program's results in country
1. Sept. 2006
2. Dec. 06 & April 07
1 & 2. Progress Reports filed quarterly to USDA and USAID.
3. Final Project Report with data from web-based survey of Romanian Partners
Goal 1: Improve AI Policy, Preparedness, Response and Recovery Capabilities; & Improve Communication among Romanian government, industry and academic personnel involved in responding to AI.
Impact Assessment: In the first third of the project, DIPP introduced senior Romanian veterinary officials from the government, academic and the private sectors to the Delaware Model of poultry disease management (via a technical training tour to Delaware, a videoconference and meetings with DIPP personnel in Romania). These officials recognized the value of working together as practiced in DelMarVa, but also recognized the historic lack of cooperation between the three sectors in Romania, a legacy of the communist era. As individuals, the participants on the first study tour established better professional relationships with their colleagues from the other sectors. These relationships may lead to enhanced organizational cooperation over time.
However, in the limited time-frame of the project, DIPP realized that the best way to achieve Goal 1 was to facilitate dialogue among the three sectors by including representatives of each in as many project activities as possible (videoconferences, technical training tours, project management training, etc.), and, when appropriate, making informal recommendations to officials from ANSVSA about the benefits of cooperating with poultry companies and universities to respond to establish effective AI planning and response policies. This incremental approach over the course of the one-year project was more realistic rather than trying to overcome a legacy of non-cooperation between the Romanian veterinary authorities, the veterinary faculties and the poultry companies in a short period of time.
The project management training for ANSVSA, Project Management Training: A Tool for Avian Influenza Policy, Planning and Response for the Romanian National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority, provided DIPP with an opportunity to not only teach valuable project management skills to mid-level managers, but to also reaffirm the value of inter-sector cooperation - the Delaware Model. DTCC provided a project management certificate training program to 75 ANSVSA veterinarians and managers from 45 counties and Bucharest in just 4 months, quite an accomplishment that was recognized by the president of ANSVSA, the USAID Mission Director and the participants themselves.
DIPP’s work on AI policy reform and improved communication between the government, academia and the private sector provided our Romanian partners with a conceptual and applied framework with which they could better judge and appreciate the AI response techniques and technology developed in DelMarVa that we subsequently showcased in goals 2 and 3.
Project Scoping Trip to Introduce DIPP Completed: From September 20 to October 11, 2006 Carla Stone traveled to Romania to introduce DIPP and the Delaware Model of animal disease management to key Romanian officials and lay the groundwork for subsequent project activities.
Videoconference on Delaware Model Held: On October 5, Delaware Secretary of Agriculture, the Honorable Michael Scuse, shared the Delaware Model and experience with LPAI with his senior Romanian counterparts via a videoconference. The General Secretary of the Romanian Ministry of Agriculture, Dr. Sorin Chelmu, and his colleagues from the veterinary response (ANSVA) and lab testing agencies in Romania (IDAH) shared Romania's experience battling HPAI. Both Romania and Delaware dealt with similar issues in responding to and containing the disease. During the videoconference, the key points of need identified by Dr. Marian Avram, Director of ANSVA, were: 1)professional training on disease diagnosis techniques and equipment, particularly getting more staff up to speed to handle increase throughput; 2) improving the logistics of handling samples from flocks - flock to lab, chain of custody, reporting etc.; 3) revision and standardization of manuals dealing biosecurity and outbreak response in both the commercial and backyard settings; 4) risk communication strategies for industry and the public. Officials from Romania's commercial poultry sector and university were also present.
Technical Training Tour to Delaware on AI Policy Implemented: DIPP managed a Technical Training Tour on Avian Influenza Policy, Planning & Response for fourteen (14) senior-level Romanian officials from November 11 - 20, 2006 in Washington, DC and Delaware. The Romanian delegation was led by Dr. Marian Avram, President of the Romanian Veterinary & Food Safety Agency - (ANSVSA), and was comprised of the leading officials from industry, government, and academia in charge of AI policy and response in Romania. The tour started in Washington, DC for meetings with USDA, USAID, the US Department of State, the Delaware Congressional delegation, the National Chicken Council, and the Romanian Embassy. We then held roundtable meetings, lab tours and technology demonstrations in Georgetown and Newark, Delaware from November 14-20. The Romanians learned about the Delaware Model for AI management which is based on close cooperation and planning among government, industry and academia. In return, DIPP partners learned about the Romanian response to HPAI outbreaks. Tour outcomes include:
a. Improved communication between sectors - Dr. Avram stated in his closing remarks that the tour provided an excellent overview of the Delaware Model, particularly the important role that government, industry and universities can play in fighting AI, rather than one sector alone fighting the disease. In addition, he said the Tour improved communication between the Romanian officials and sectors involved in fighting AI. In subsequent discussions with Dr. Avram, he said that because of the tour to Delaware he now speaks more regularly with Romania’s poultry association (UCPR) about AI management.
b. A role for the university in AI management - Dr. Avram and the delegation recognized the positive role that a university can play in fighting AI, thanks to the example provided by UD and DTCC, which has resulted in an increased role for the University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine of Bucharest in training lab managers and veterinarians to better respond to AI outbreaks;
c. Biosecurity Training for Romanian Poultry Industry - Eng. Aurel Damian, Executive Director of Romanian Association of Poultry Producers, would like to create a Romanian version of the biosecurity risk assessment tool for commercial poultry farms that Dr. Bruce Stewart-Brown of Perdue Farms and the Delmarva Poultry Industry Association developed.
d. Focused DIPP Assistance - DIPP and the delegation identified the specific topics on which subsequent project activity focused, including flock culling via UD’s foam depopulation method and carcass composting techniques; project management training; and lab management training at the University of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, not with ANSVA as originally planned in Goal 3.
e. Participant workshop to help refine existing AI Management Plan in each sector – DIPP facilitated discussions on biosecurity and project management among the participants about existing AI management plans in the government, industry and academic sectors, helping participants identify common areas in which collaboration might be possible.
The Romanian participants’ responses on the post tour evaluation survey indicated a strong desire for additional hands-on training programs and continued dialogue with DIPP.
The tour received press attention in Delaware, with one article in the Sussex Countian and News Journal newspapers.
2-person DIPP Technical Assistance (TA) team traveled to Romania to provide AI policy, planning and response assistance : Dr. Jack Gelb and Mr. George Irvine traveled to Romania from January 20 – 25 to meet with the President of ANSVSA, Dr. Avram, and select participants from the technical training tour to Delaware to provide follow-up policy, planning and response assistance. After meeting with representatives from the commercial, university and government sectors, Dr. Gelb and Mr. Irvine offered Dr. Avram a possible alternative to solely government-run poultry disease diagnostic laboratories whereby a veterinary university could perform diagnostic tests on routine, non-catastrophic poultry diseases for the commercial poultry industry. Dr. Avram considered the alternative, but said that the timing was not yet right for such a multi-sectoral approach to animal diagnostic testing.
Developed an On-line & CD-based professional Education Module on Delmarva Model of AI Management: Dr. Jack Gelb, George Irvine and Ms. Jann Lightcapp, Instructional Designer at UD’s Professional and Continuing Studies, produced a professional education CD on best AI planning and response practices based on Delmarva’s experience with English and Romanian versions. The module is available on-line at http://ag.udel.edu/abc/edresources.html. A CD with the module printed on it is to be distributed the fall of 2007 via ANSVA, FVMB and UCPR.
Delivered 1st Project Management Training for ANSVA: Dr. Charles Poplos and Ms. Carla Stone of Delaware Technical and Community College traveled to Romania from January 27 to February 3 to conduct two seminars on project management for 22 mid-level managers and veterinarians from ANSVA.
Delivered 2nd Project Management Training with ANSVA – First Fundamentals of Project Management Course & Technical Support, March 12-24, 2007: Dr. Charles Poplos and Ms. Carla Stone of Delaware Technical and Community College traveled to Romania to conduct project management training for 8 project managers at ANSVA. The participants prepared preliminary project plans using the new project management tools they acquired. Participants will complete their project plans to be reviewed and graded. Those who complete all requirements and pass the course will receive a Delaware Tech certificate as well as an official Delaware Tech transcript. All completed project plans will be forwarded to ANSVSA management for final approval and implementation.
Delivered 3rd and 4th Project Management Training with ASNVA – April 28 – May 17, 2007: Dr. Charles Poplos and Ms. Carla Stone of Delaware Technical and Community College traveled to Romania to conduct project management training for 22 project managers from regional and local laboratories of the Veterinary Authority. The participants prepared preliminary project plans using the new project management tools they acquired. Participants will complete their project plans to be reviewed and graded. Those who complete all requirements and pass the course will receive a Delaware Tech certificate as well as an official Delaware Tech transcript. All completed project plans will be forwarded to ANSVSA management for final approval and implementation.
Led three person delegation from ANSVSA to Project Management Institute EMEA Global Congress in Budapest May 14-May 16, 2007. Dr. Charles Poplos and Ms. Carla Stone led three project managers from ANSVSA, Bucharest to the PMI Europe, Middle East and Africa (EMEA) Global Congress in Budapest, Hungary for intensive advanced training and to meet peers from other countries. ANSVSA Vice President and Sub Secretary of State, Laszlo Nagy-Csutak, was accompanied by Ms. Dana Roberta Ion, Coordinator of PHARE Implementing Unit, and Mr. Marius Avram, ANSVSA Consultant.
Dr. Poplos and Ms. Stone, DTCC, Delivered Project Management CDs to participants with course materials and templates.
Dr. Poplos and Ms. Stone, DTCC, met with new President of ANSVA to review current project management training and to plan for future training in western Romania for 50 regional and local veterinary authority project managers (June 2 through June 16).
Delivered 5th and 6th Project Management Training with ASNVA – June 2 - 16, 2007: Dr. Charles Poplos and Ms. Carla Stone of DTCC traveled to Brasov, Romania to conduct project management training for project managers from regional and local laboratories of the Veterinary Authority. The participants prepared preliminary project plans using the new project management tools they acquired. Participants will complete their project plans to be reviewed and graded. Those who completed all requirements and passed the course received a DTCC certificate and official transcript. All completed project plans were forwarded to ANSVSA management for final approval and implementation.
Project Management Graduation Ceremony: Conducted graduation ceremony and reception on July 11, 2007 for participants in Project Management Training: A Tool for Avian Influenza Policy, Planning and Response for the Romanian National Sanitary Veterinary and Food Safety Authority (ANSVSA). This project resulted in the training of 75 veterinarians and managers from 45 counties and local veterinary facilities as well as ANSVSA’s headquarters in Bucharest. All participants who completed the course received an official Certificate of Attendance from DTCC. Those participants (26) who completed additional requirements earned an additional Certificate of Associate in Project Management (CAPM) and received an official DTCC transcript. Requirements for the CAPM included the preparation of a completed project plan for a project at ANSVSA that they currently manage, including the work breakdown schedule, risk plan, and communications plan. The project plans were reviewed and then submitted to the President of ANSVSA for final approval. Both DTCC and the President of ANSVSA issued invitations to the graduation ceremony. Sixty-three (63) participants attended the ceremony and the reception that followed the formal proceedings. Paul Trupo, USAID Senior Agribusiness Advisor facilitated the ceremony and Carmen Podani, USAID Agriculture Specialist gave a review of the Mission’s Avian Influenza response activities. Debra Mosel, USAID Romania Acting Mission Director, presented the certificates to the graduates. The ANSVSA President and State Secretary, Dr. Radu Roatis delivered the charge to the graduates. During his charge, he emphasized the importance of this training to ANSVSA and his desire to see the training continue throughout the ANSVSA organization beyond the close of this project. Dr. Marian Avram, the former president of ANSVSA who initiated the project management training program also spoke to the graduates
Goal 2: Enhance Biosecurity in Commercial Poultry Sector with particular focus on Depopulation, Disposal and Disinfectant of Commercial Farms in order to get them quickly back into production. Impact Assessment: A measure of the impact of the DIPP program is positive changes resulting from the program. During the course of the year long DIPP program, the only daily mortality disposal option available to Romanian industry was eliminated due to tightening environmental regulations. As a result, the Romanian partners were particularly interested in composting of emergency and daily mortality, a subject DIPP taught during both the technical training tours and in-country training. At every training venue, participants were eager to learn about the process. After the training session, multiple discussions on composting could be heard. As a result of DIPP training, the Romanian industry, academia and government started working together to plan a demonstration of daily mortality composting. Although the final resolution remains to be seen, the three sectors were working together and view daily mortality composting as part of the solution to their problem.
A Biosecurity Assessment Tool and Depopulation techniques were also presented to the Romanian audiences; however, they did not tend to receive the same level of interest. This was partially because composting, which was presented at the same time, received significant interest. In addition, some techniques, such as foam depopulation, required infrastructure not currently available in country. In addition, DIPP was able to simulate Romanian poultry industry conditions for composting (on the UD experimental farm in Georgetown, DE) prior to in-country training.
Videoconference on Flock Depopulation and Composting Techniques Held– On Friday, December 15, Bud Malone, Poultry Extension Specialist of the University of Delaware presented an overview of diseased flock management and composting techniques.
Avian Influenza Biosecurity Technical Training Tour – DIPP hosted 8 Romanian biosecurity managers from UCPR and ASNVA in Delaware on March 24 – April 1, 2007 to train them on three topics: 1) how to use a UD-developed foam to depopulate diseased poultry flocks; 2) how to effectively compost poultry mortalities; 3) how to assess the biosecurity risk of a poultry farm using a Delmarva Poultry Industry assessment tool. DIPP staff and the Romanian participants outlined topics for follow-on training in Romania in June. A composting experiment designed to simulate typical conditions in Romania was demonstrated during the technical training tour. Participants received a UD Certificate in Avian Influenza Biosecurity and 2.5 professional education continuing education units for completing the technical training tour. As a result of the tour, one biosecurity manager from a UCPR member company began to experiment with composting poultry mortalities at his company. One of the ANSVA participants conducted an in-house training program on May 28, 2007 to share the lessons learned with her colleagues.
DIPP Technical Assistance and Training Team to Romania – A 3-person DIPP technical assistance team and 2 in-country trainers provided training to UCPR members, government officials and university faculty in Cluj, Brasov and Bucharest on June 6, 9 and 14. The Cluj and Brasov meetings represented regional meetings, while the Bucharest meeting was part of a national veterinary conference. The team also made a presentation to the Romanian government officials in charge of their new World Bank loan for AI. The 3 person team was Dr. Eric Benson, Assistant Professor of Bioresources Engineering at the University of Delaware, Mr. Bob Alphin, Manager of the Allen Biotechnology Lab at UD, and Mr. George Irvine, Project Manager at UD’s Center for International Studies. The team met with UCPR and FVMB to explore the possibility of conducting a poultry composting experiment in Romania to demonstrate to Romanian government and industry officials this method of disposing of poultry infected with avian influenza. The team met with the biosecurity manager listed above and provided technical feedback to improve the composting of poultry mortality process. This technical training tour was featured in an issue of Delmarva Farmer.
Developed CD-based Professional Education Modules on flock culling and composting - Bud Malone and Ms. Jann Lightcapp produced 3 chapters of web-based training presentations on poultry flock depopulation and carcass composting.
Developed two new professional certificate training curricula Emergency Poultry Disease Response & Advanced Poultry Disease Diagnostics. As a result of the Romania program, Bud Malone, Eric Benson, Dr. Dan Bautista, Dr. Jack Gelb and Bob Alphin developed two new professional certificate training programs to offer to both foreign and American veterinarians. These certificate programs grew out of the technical training tours to Delaware and the training programs in Romania. UD will make the course available to USDA’s Foreign Agricultural Service, DelMarVa and foreign poultry flock managers, and foreign veterinary agencies.
Goal 3: Assist the University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine to plan the development and implementation of an animal diagnosis and testing laboratory technology training center to serve the needs of personnel employed in laboratories operated by the Romanian government, higher education, and the commercial food and animal production industries. (Note: Original Goal 3 revised in February 2007 per agreement of DIPP, USDA and USAID.)
Impact Assessment: Goal 3 was successful because it provided a very specific technical assistance solution to the larger problem of increasing the ability of Romanian laboratories to sample, test, diagnose, and to respond to, control and to prevent the outbreak of disease. It was focused on adapting US strengths to the Romanian situation and required very close collaboration between faculty and staff at the Faculty of Veterinary medicine and Delaware Technical & Community College. DIPP recommends that USDA continue to use this successful model of collaboration to respond to increasing the capabilities of Romania’s agricultural sector.
There is tremendous potential for opportunity for US scientific equipment sales to meet Romania’s need to improve its government and commercial testing and diagnostic laboratories. We recommend that USDA/FAS and Department of Commerce Foreign Commercial Service develop joint training opportunities with the participation of US commercial equipment manufacturers, government and academia with their counterparts in Romania.
The new Animal Diagnostic Laboratory Training Center at the FVMB will increase the capabilities of veterinarians to test, diagnose and respond to all types of animal disease, food safety and environmental safety. These will provide information exchanges, increased business for US companies and reinforce the Delaware Model for collaboration.
This program can also be replicated in other countries where there is a need for veterinary laboratory technicians to supplement the scarce supply of veterinarians.
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bucharest of the University of Agronomical Sciences and Veterinary Medicine - Project Scoping Statement Completed: Ms. Carla Stone assisted Dr. Doina Danes of the FVMB in preparing a Project Scoping Statement for the development of an animal diagnostic and testing laboratory training center to provide continuing professional education for laboratory technicians, veterinarians, and supervisors. The Project Plan was approved by the deans of the FVMB and the rector of the UASVMB. The Statement can be used by FVMB to guide the project’s completion and raise funds.
Lab Management Technical Training Tour: DIPP organized a tour for Dr. Doina Danes and the two FVMB visiting scholars at UD and DTCC, Drs. Baraitareanu and Staicu, from March 3 to 14, 2007. The technical training tour was designed to prepare them for developing and implementing a veterinary laboratory technician training program at the FVMB. They received training in: 1) Curriculum used to prepare personnel to work effectively in diagnosis and testing laboratories; 2) Evaluation of training effectiveness: student learning outcomes assessment practices for continuing education students and undergraduates; 3)Resources necessary to implement the development of a laboratory training center including physical, human and financial resources; 4) Planning for the construction, equipping, installation, testing and operation of a laboratory training center; 5) Marketing continuing education courses and recruiting undergraduate students; 6) Working with industry to provide high quality clinical internships; 7) Accreditation of training.
Plan for Integrating Veterinary Laboratory Technician Training into Reorganized ANSVSA and Emerging Private Veterinary Laboratories Completed. Dr. Stelian Baraitareanu, assisted by Ms. Carla Stone, developed a preliminary plan for meeting Romania’s needs for veterinary laboratory technicians in four major areas including Animal Health Testing, Food Safety Testing, Environmental Testing, and Animal Welfare Testing. The results were presented at a poster presentation at DTCC in Georgetown in April 2007.
List of Veterinary Technician Training Equipment for New FVMB Completed: Using the technician training laboratories at DTCC as a model, Dr. Baraitareanu completed a diagnostic training laboratory equipment and consumables list and submitted it to USDA. He also met with equipment manufacturers and distributors. Dr. Baraitareanu was assisted in the preparation of the list by DTCC faculty Ms. Barbara Wiggins, Ms. Sherrie Shupe, Ms. Linda Collins, Ms. Carla Stone and Dr. Jack Gelb of UD.
Veterinary Laboratory Technician Training Curriculum Developed: Using DTCC’s medical laboratory technician and veterinary technician degree programs as a model, Dr. Baraitareanu developed a curriculum with student learning outcomes for the training of veterinary laboratory technicians, veterinarians and supervisors. The curriculum is designed to be completed in two years and will be offered as a continuing education program for working professionals in state run laboratories as well as private industries such as animal pharmaceutical manufacturers and food processing companies.
DIPP Veterinary Technician Technical Assistance to Romania – Ms. Sherrie Shupe, and Ms. Carla Stone delivered technical assistance to Dr. Baraitareanu at FVMB, and also met with IDAH and commercial poultry company labs in Bucharest, Tulcea and Ploesti from June 7 to 20. Specifically, the DIPP technical assistance team completed the assessment of the lab and classroom renovation at the FVMB. Walls were removed between rooms to expand laboratory space. New windows, flooring and a security doors with tamper-evident locks were installed. Electrical outlets were upgraded and additional outlets installed. Individually controlled air conditioning units were also installed. New laminate topped laboratory tables were custom designed and installed. In addition, the team confirmed the delivery and installation of some of the USDA-donated equipment to the lab. Finally, the team met with Dr. Victor Crivineanu, Dean, and Dr. Alin Birtoiu, Vice dean of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, to review the veterinary technician training curriculum. Ms. Shupe announced the new vet tech training program at the Annual Romanian Poultry Pathology Conference (UCPR) attended by 100 industry and government veterinarians. FVMB faculty has received registration inquiries for the new program from industry as well as students.
RT-PCR Purchased by UD for FVMB – At the request of USDA, in July 2007, UD procured RT-PCR equipment for the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine Bucharest’s new veterinary laboratory technician training laboratory. This equipment was purchased with the remaining funds due to the project operating under budget.
Veterinary Technician Training Laboratory Grand Opening at UASVM: The grand opening ceremony of the new Animal Diagnostic Laboratory Training Center was held on August 30, 2007. Among the 100 guests were representatives from ANSVSA, IDAH, veterinary pharmaceutical companies, commercial poultry companies, UASVM faculty and students. Speakers included USAID Mission Director Debra Mosel, Scott Goldman, USDA/FAS, Carmen Podani, USAID, UASVM Vice Rector Ion Namolosanu, FVM Dean Victor Crivineanu and ANSVSA Vice President and State Secretary Alexander Popescu, Carla Stone, DTCC. The UASVM presented Commendations and Medals of Honor to USAID, USDA, and DTCC’s Sherrie Shupe and Carla Stone. An honorary degree also was presented to Ms. Stone. Ms. Stone presented Dean Crivineanu with a Tribute from the Delaware State House of Representatives. The Opening Ceremony was attended by media and an interview was broadcast by Radio Romania International and on the web site: www.rri.ro.
Laboratory technician training CD’s distributed: DTCC delivered CDs with training materials on laboratory technician training, laboratory development and implementation and curriculum development to UASVM.
Goal 4: Build Sustainable Delaware – Romania Partnership
Impact Assessment: In just one year DIPP build strong professional relationships with officials from all of the Romanian counterpart organizations in government, academia and the private sector. These professional relationships will allow DIPP partners (UD and DTCC) to build sustainable, mutually-beneficial educational partnerships either separately or jointly under the DIPP umbrella. DIPP also expanded its relationships in Romania to include representatives of the arts community – building another bridge between Romania and Delaware.
Hosted 2 Research Fellows from the University of Agronomic Sciences and Veterinary Medicine in Bucharest at the UD College of Agriculture and Natural Resources and Delaware Technical and Community College– Dr. Stelian Baraitareanu and Dr. Elena Staicu of the FVMB studied laboratory management training and poultry production biosecurity, respectively, from March 3 to May 31, 2007. They worked extensively with personnel from UD, DTCC, State of Delaware Environmental Laboratory, met with poultry companies and associated industry, participated in the Avian Influenza Technical Training Tour in March, met with vaccine companies and government agency officials, and conducted their own research. Dr. Staicu worked closely with Bud Malone (UD) to conduct a poultry composting experiment to develop her understanding of composting, develop country specific recommendations for Romania and to allow her share her expertise with her colleagues in Romania. Drs. Baraitareanu and Staicu also contributed to DIPP’s efforts to achieve goals 2 and 3, as outlined above.
General Agreement between UD and UAVSMB – Having a general agreement in place will allow both universities to collaborate on avian biosciences and other agricultural topics. The agreement covers exchange of students, scholars and joint research.
UD Partnership Activities in Romania – Dr. Benson, Mr. Alphin, Mr. Malone, and Dr. Staicu have a publication on their joint composting research under peer review in Poultry Science. Poultry Science is an international journal ranked as one of the top 10 Agriculture, Dairy and Animal Sciences journals and has an impact factor of 1.656 (2007, ISI Web of Knowledge Journal Citation Reports) and an immediacy factor of 0.238. In addition, during the June 2007 in-country technical training tour, UD met with CEED Romania, the USAID legacy program, and personnel from the ANSVSA – World Bank team on additional activity in Romania. In addition, UD is developing a general agreement with FMV-Cluj.
Future Activities between DTCC and ANSVSA – President Dr. Radu Roatis of ANSVSA and DTCC are planning to collaborate in the monitoring and evaluation of the project management training impact. Dr. Roatis also told DTCC that he wished to continue the program under alternative funding.
Possible Tulcea Laboratory Technician training Exchange Program – Ms. Stone, DTCC, met with Dr. Avram, Director of the Tulcea lab, to discuss a possible student exchange program between the Tulcea ANSVSA lab, the FVMB and DTCC.
Training for IDAH, National Infectious Disease Laboratory – Ms. Stone, DTCC, has discussed with Dr. Stefan Nicolae, Director, the possibility of sending personnel to DTCC for a fellowship similar to that provided under this grant for Dr. Stelian Baraitareanu.
DTCC Partnership Activities in Romania – DTCC has explored partnering with CEED Romania, USAID’s legacy program, to continue Delaware Tech involvement in training, particularly project management training for emerging companies. In addition, DTCC has developed a plan to monitor progress of student registrations in new FVM Animal diagnostic laboratory training center. DTCC and FVM will co-author a technical paper on development of training center for publication in Romanian veterinary journals. DTCC is also developing faculty and student exchanges with UASVM.
DTCC/Delaware Department of Agriculture Equine Advisory Trips -As a result of exposure to the “Delaware Model”, the Romanian Ministry of Agriculture and the Romanian Equine Authority requested technical assistance for the equine industry. DTCC assisted the Ministry in the development of a technical advisory plan. A team of Delaware equine experts, led by Delaware Secretary of Agriculture, Michael Scuse, and accompanied by Carla Stone, traveled to state-owned and private horse facilities throughout Romanian from September 4-12, 2007. They conducted an assessment of the industry and developed recommendations for its improvement. Following this trip, the Delaware Department of Agriculture and DTCC developed a technical training tour in Delaware for Romanian equine experts. A delegation of Romanian officials from the Romanian Equine Authority, the Ministry of Agriculture and the National Forest Administration (which owns the 16 state breeding farms) led by General Director Dan Aldea, and the president of the Romanian Equine Authority, Mr. Robert Bartha, came to Delaware for a technical training tour from October 19-27. They visited Delaware’s racing facilities, training centers, private racing and show stables and breeding facilities. They also visited DTCC to learn about how veterinary technicians are trained and the role they play in improving the health of animals; the Agriculture Technology Department as well as the Medical Laboratory Technology Department. The delegation traveled to Washington D.C. where they met with Congressman Castle and Senator Carper as well as the staffs of Senator Biden and the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations. Deans June Turansky and Terry Johnson (a former harness racing commissioner) talked about how DTCC responds to industry needs in developing educational programs that result in highly trained employees. Additional potential activities include internships in Delaware for Romanian equine veterinarians and Ministry of Agriculture employees. Delaware breeders also anticipate a market for their horses in Romania.
DTCC sponsored Romanian musicians’ tour in Delaware - Two Romanian pianists presented a very successful concert of classical music at DTCC in Georgetown, DE on October 25, 2007. About 200 persons from southern Delaware attended the concert. The musicians also gave a well attended concert in Wilmington for People to People at the First Unitarian Church which has a sister congregation in Sfante Gheorghe, Romania. The musicians also spent a day at Cab Calloway School of the Arts in Wilmington.